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Kilauea Major Major 2018 Eruption


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#1
Andie

Posted 05 May 2018 - 09:14 AM

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Kilauea volcano: earthquakes follow eruption as Hawaii orders evacuations

Lava spurts through cracks in roads and flows in residential areas on Big Island before earthquakes with magnitudes of 5.4 and 6.9 reported

Attached File  IMG_3099.JPG   112.28KB   0 downloads

Attached File  IMG_3100.JPG   18.78KB   0 downloads

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#2
Andie

Posted 05 May 2018 - 09:39 AM

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PAHOA, Hawaii (Reuters) - Hawaii’s Big Island remains on high alert on Saturday after the Kilauea volcano spewed lava into residential areas, forcing hundreds to evacuate, and a series of earthquakes, including a powerful tremor, shook the island.

1700 evacuate, 2 homes destroyed to date.

Live list of Quakes with map.
https://earthquake.u...],"event":null}

Webcams

https://volcanoes.us...ia_webcams.html

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#3
Andie

Posted 05 May 2018 - 06:31 PM

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This site has a lot of excellent pictures.

Toxic gasses are spewing from Kilauea volcano on Hawaii's Big Island, as new fissures form and thousands are forced to flee.
The Hawaii Fire Department reports extremely dangerous air quality conditions due to high levels of sulfur dioxide gas in the evacuation area of Leilani Estates and Lanipuna Gardens.
Elderly, young, and people with compromised respiratory systems are especially vulnerable, officials say.
Hawaii County spokeswoman Kanani Aton says two of the eight vents that have formed since Thursday are actively spattering lava. A few others are releasing steam and gas while the oldest of the vents aren't doing anything.


Read more: http://www.dailymail...l#ixzz5EgXRtggY

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#4
OKwx2k4

Posted 06 May 2018 - 12:42 AM

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I saw this yesterday. Rough time for Hawaii.

#5
Andie

Posted 06 May 2018 - 07:09 AM

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Hawaii is preparing for a long haul.
The eruption could go on for a month. Homes, roads, utilities are being destroyed.
That's earth renewal for you.

2 more fissures have opened up and that spreads the risk for deadly gas.

https://apnews.com/f...g-Kilauea-boils

Video and images
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#6
Andie

Posted 10 May 2018 - 05:01 AM

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Kilauea may be about to enter a new phase as the lava lake is sinking some and ground water is combining to potentially create explosions of large boulders. Gaseous fogs are becoming a breathing issue.

-with video
https://www.reuters....h-idUSKBN1IA1E4

“This is the first of perhaps more events like that to come,” Tina Neal, the scientist in charge of the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, said of Wednesday’s blast which shot projectiles from the crater.

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#7
OKwx2k4

Posted 10 May 2018 - 06:09 AM

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Kilauea may be about to enter a new phase as the lava lake is sinking some and ground water is combining to potentially create explosions of large boulders. Gaseous fogs are becoming a breathing issue.

-with video
https://www.reuters....h-idUSKBN1IA1E4

“This is the first of perhaps more events like that to come,” Tina Neal, the scientist in charge of the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, said of Wednesday’s blast which shot projectiles from the crater.


This is not good at all, right?

#8
LNK_Weather

Posted 10 May 2018 - 11:30 AM

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This is not good at all, right?


My guess is we'll see a large increase in seismic activity worldwide. Very not good.

>1" Snowfalls for Lincoln Municipal Airport in 2018-2019: 10/14 (3.5")

 

Total Snowfall for 2018-2019 @ KLNK: 3.5"             Coldest Low: N/A yet

 

 

First flake of the season: 10/14/2018 @ 7:01 AM CDT       

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

2018 Severe Weather Season Statistics for my apartment:

 

Tornado Watches: 2 (Last: 6/11/2018)

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SPC Day 1 Moderate Risks: 1 (Last: 6/1/2018)

SPC Day 1 Enhanced Risks: 3 (Last: 6/30/2018)

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#9
Andie

Posted 10 May 2018 - 02:25 PM

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This is not good at all, right?


Well, according to history this isn't unusual. It erupts for several months, some explosive activity if groundwater is mixed in, some foul gases, loss of property, then it calms down. This is Madam Pele' doing her thing.

Idk about increased seismic activity. The suns quiet, but we have had some weird Quakes, like the 4.+ off shore from La.

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#10
Andie

Posted 23 May 2018 - 09:57 AM

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This is a good briefing by the USGS on the current eruption.

 

The last 3 or 4 minutes really explain how this thing is operating.

 

No end in sight.

 


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#11
Andie

Posted 24 May 2018 - 11:21 AM

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VIDEO: USGS Details Fissures, Lava Flows In Conference Call

 

http://www.bigisland...onference-call/

 

 

Nice image at the end when they are talking about methane seeping up through small fissures on the road, burning with a blue flame.

Highly explosive situation.


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#12
OKwx2k4

Posted 24 May 2018 - 12:24 PM

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VIDEO: USGS Details Fissures, Lava Flows In Conference Call

http://www.bigisland...onference-call/


Nice image at the end when they are talking about methane seeping up through small fissures on the road, burning with a blue flame.
Highly explosive situation.


Seems like this just keeps getting worse and worse. What happens if this thing really goes off?

#13
OKwx2k4

Posted 24 May 2018 - 08:24 PM

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For our friends in Hawaii. Please don't get pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis. Longest word in the English language. Describes a lung condition from breathing volcanic ash.

#14
Andie

Posted 25 May 2018 - 05:23 AM

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Seems like this just keeps getting worse and worse. What happens if this thing really goes off?


Kilauea is a Shield volcano. They are characterized by their lava flows and wide shield like coverage of the landscape.
Cinder cone and Strato volcanos will give you the Big Bang we are all familiar with. A shield can eject large pieces of rock the size of buses, but they're aren't like Mt.St. Helens.
Kilauea is doing what it's always done, build land.

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#15
OKwx2k4

Posted 26 May 2018 - 12:18 AM

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Kilauea is a Shield volcano. They are characterized by their lava flows and wide shield like coverage of the landscape.
Cinder cone and Strato volcanos will give you the Big Bang we are all familiar with. A shield can eject large pieces of rock the size of buses, but they're aren't like Mt.St. Helens.
Kilauea is doing what it's always done, build land.


Aah. Got it. I'm admittedly not very knowledgeable about geology at all. Kinda cool to learn from someone who is. Thanks! Living near a volcano would pretty much scare the living crap out of me.

#16
Andie

Posted 26 May 2018 - 05:18 PM

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I'm a chicken about it myself.
They're too unpredictable especially this one. You never know if it will be a little active or a lot.
I could bear to see my home go like that.

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#17
Andie

Posted 02 June 2018 - 01:27 PM

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The eruption is growing to be quite dangerous. Not only are lava flows increasing in speed and volume, but the crater is collapsing and racing new dangers of a volatile explosion.

-with drone video.

https://www.express....auea-lava-magma

There are new alarming cracks and fault seen in a collapsed crater, some of which are spewing with intense steam.

Scientists are concerned that an "expanding collapsed crater" and the debris blocking the vent could trigger a massive explosion.

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#18
Andie

Posted 02 June 2018 - 02:03 PM

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Gif that demonstrates how much the summit vent has expanded. This thing has a good ways to go.

Mandatory evacuations at Leilani Estates. If you don't leave, you'll be responsible for rescue costs or risk not being rescued due to danger to responders.

https://volcanoes.us...iaFile-2153.gif

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#19
Andie

Posted 03 June 2018 - 11:39 AM

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Lava Flow is reaching beach lots.

http://www.khon2.com...cano/1155831630

Nice report from Sky News - 8 mins

https://m.youtube.co...#fauxfullscreen

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#20
OKwx2k4

Posted 03 June 2018 - 02:41 PM

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This is starting to look really bad.

#21
Andie

Posted 04 June 2018 - 03:35 AM

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A 5.5 quake struck near Kiluea yesterday sending an 8000 foot ash cloud in to the air.
No tsunami was expected. Clearly, there's a lot of shifting going on deep below the summit. Lava continues to flow and fissures expand.

Kiluea does this every 30 yrs or so, but this one will be intensely studied as population grows ont he island. This is the nature of earth building. There is a mandatory evacuation heart he Volcano.

http://www.hawaiinew...unami-generated
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#22
Andie

Posted 04 June 2018 - 03:45 AM

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Good images and video.

They're evacuating Puna Easter now. The geothermal energy plant is gone. Lava has taken it.

http://www.hawaiinew...quakes-continue

Attached File  IMG_3195.JPG   86.89KB   0 downloads
"Honey, just doing a little landscaping...."
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#23
Andie

Posted 05 June 2018 - 02:59 PM

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http://www.khon2.com...cano/1155831630

Last night a large explosion and 5.6 earthquake occurred. Residents were evacuated as Vent 8 began to pour lava out at an alarming rate.

About 500 homes were destroyed in a matter of hours, including the Mayor. The majority of the lava flowed from Vent 8.

"PUNA (KHON2) - Hawaiian Volcano Observatory reports that vigorous lava eruptions continue in the lower East Rift Zone Tuesday.
Fissure 8 is very active and producing a large channelized flow that has completely filled Kapoho Bay and extends 0.7 miles from the former coastline.
To the south, lava is entering the water at the Vacationland tidepools, having inundated most of that subdivision.
To the north, lava has covered all but the northern part of Kapoho Beach Lots."


Attached File  lavaflow.jpg   116.8KB   0 downloads
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#24
Andie

Posted 07 June 2018 - 05:15 AM

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The collapse of the central crater is evident in this video.
The debris falling into the crater risks the possibility that the vent will become clogged and result in an explosion. That hasn't occurred as yet.

https://volcanoes.us...iaFile-2189.gif

Had some trouble getting this to run but it's a great image of the current crater.

https://volcanoes.us...iaFile-2189.gif
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#25
Andie

Posted 07 June 2018 - 02:16 PM

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5.4 earthquake at a depth of 1.1 mi. struck the summit sending ash 10,000' into the air. Scientists say another eruption is imminent.

Kiluea Volcano Summit

Seismic activity at the summit was subdued overnight -- a natural consequence of yesterday afternoon's small explosion. Earthquake activity is on the rise, however, and we anticipate an additional small explosion probably in about 24 hours. Inward slumping of the rim and walls of Halema`uma`u continues in response to ongoing subsidence of the summit.

Over the last week, sulfur dioxide emissions from the volcano's summit have decreased, but emission rates remain high enough to impact air quality in downwind regions. Additional bursts of gas released with intermittent explosive activity are also transported downwind and may temporarily affect air quality as well.

Kīlauea Volcano Lower East Rift Zone

Vigorous eruption of lava continues from the lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) fissure system in the area of Leilani Estates.

Overnight, lava fountaining at Fissure 8 fluctuated, reaching heights of 230 feet. This activity is feeding a lava channel flowing east to the Kapoho Bay area. Observations by HVO geologists and the University of Hawaii at Hilo UAS crew during the night indicated that the northern lobe of the Fissure 8 flow is not receiving significant lava, and the lobe that was active on the west side of the Four Corners cinder pit is inactive. The morning overflight confirmed these observations and revealed minor overflows from the channel. Lava is entering the ocean along a broad front in the general area of Kapoho Bay and Vacationland. Lava also continues to creep north through what remains of Kapoho Beach Lots.
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#26
Andie

Posted 08 June 2018 - 05:39 AM

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Map of Kiluea Quakes. Pretty active along that rift zone. Darker red/larger quakes are Vent 8.


Attached File  IMG_3207.PNG   266.39KB   0 downloads

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#27
Andie

Posted 09 June 2018 - 07:41 AM

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5.3 Quake in the Caldera this morning. 1.1 deep.

Yesterday saw a 5.2 at 1.0 deep.
5.4 at 1.0 deep on 6-7

This is repeating the previous pattern prior to a major eruption and increase of lava flow. We'll see.
Kiluea remain a dangerous volcano. Land building is a messy business.

https://earthquake.u...":"us1000ej12"}

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#28
OKwx2k4

Posted 09 June 2018 - 08:08 AM

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5.3 Quake in the Caldera this morning. 1.1 deep.

Yesterday saw a 5.2 at 1.0 deep.
5.4 at 1.0 deep on 6-7

This is repeating the previous pattern prior to a major eruption and increase of lava flow. We'll see.
Kiluea remain a dangerous volcano. Land building is a messy business.

https://earthquake.u...":"us1000ej12"}


Gonna be pretty bumpy on Hawaii for a good while it seems. If there is a massive explosion, it would be pretty devastating.

#29
Andie

Posted 09 June 2018 - 12:29 PM

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Kīlauea Volcano Lower East Rift Zone

Vigorous eruption of lava continues from the lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) fissure system in the area of Leilani Estates.

Overnight, lava fountaining from Fissure 8 reached 130-180 feet. This morning's overflight reported no significant changes in the fountaining and the channels carrying lava to the ocean; however, the ocean entry plumes were much smaller and the areas of upwelling offshore were less distinct. The diminished plumes are probably due to a change in atmospheric conditions rather than a change in Fissure 8 output.

Fissure 22 was incandescent and there was minor lava activity at Fissures 16/18 this morning while the fuming from Fissures 24, 9 and 10 was less than observed yesterday.
https://volcanoes.us...uea/status.html


From my understanding any explosive eruption will be due to the collapse within the Caldera and it becoming clogged. So the vent would build up enough pressure to essentially clear its throat. As the area is evacuated, people should be safe. To date 600 homes and farms have been destroyed.

So far I haven't read of anyone of expertise saying when they thought the eruption would settle down. Some said in the beginning it would last 4-6 weeks, based on history.

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#30
Andie

Posted 10 June 2018 - 02:06 PM

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5-10-18 USGS. Hawaii Volcano Observation

Vigorous eruption of lava continues from the lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) fissure system in the area of Leilani Estates.

Overnight, lava fountains from Fissure 8 reached heights of 130-180 feet, feeding a strong channel to the northeast and then east that experienced minor small levee overflows. Near the Four Corners region the channel was incandescent and flowing. Yesterday's measurements show that gas emissions have nearly doubled, possibly indicating an increase in eruption rate from Fissure 8. The morning overflight revealed that the fountains and channels continue to erupt and transport lava to the ocean entry which was one large plume. Offshore of this ocean entry, there is an upwelling of ocean water heated by lava flowing on the ocean floor.
Minor lava activity at Fissures 16/18 continued.

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#31
Andie

Posted 11 June 2018 - 03:30 PM

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Fissure 8

Fissure 8 continues to erupt vigorously, with lava streaming through a channel that reaches the ocean at Kapoho Bay. The width of the active part of the lava channel varies along its length, but ranges from about 100 to 300 meters (yards) wide. A clear view of the cinder-and-spatter cone that's building around the vent from ongoing lava fountains can be seen here.

 

Attached File  Fissure 8 longview.png   265.22KB   0 downloads

 

Attached File  Fissure 8.jpg   28.37KB   0 downloads

 

 


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#32
Andie

Posted 11 June 2018 - 03:37 PM

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Green Lake, the largest freshwater lake on Hawaii's Big Island, has completely disappeared, another victim of the Kilauea volcano, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.

 

Lava from Fissure 8 begin pouring into the lake on June 2, turning it into a roiling cauldron. A thick, white plume of water vapor billowed hundreds of feet over the lake. It took only an hour and half for the molten rock to evaporate the entire body of water, which was about 200 feet deep.


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#33
Andie

Posted 12 June 2018 - 10:02 AM

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Hawaii County Civil Defense report above.

 

Fissure 8 is flowing like a river. Amazing volume moving into Kapoho Bay.

There was a sizable steam explosion this morning at the caldera.

Air quality is dangerous around the entry into the ocean. 

 

No indications of slowing down for now. Quite an opportunity to observe island building.


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#34
Andie

Posted 12 June 2018 - 10:37 AM

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This guy comes up with some interesting finds.  He can be a little extreme, but this is a good catch.

He jumps around but its an interesting find by the USGS.

 

There may be a deep (500'+) vent active a quarter mile off shore from Fissure 8.

 


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#35
Andie

Posted 14 June 2018 - 04:10 AM

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It's amazing meteorologists as the steam is creating winter weather above 12,000 ft. On the Big Island
This is the largest eruption recorded and it continues to create surprises.

Mysterious freezing rain STUNS scientists after lava explosion
with Video

The Hawaii volcano eruption has triggered a shock event that has left experts baffled, with one meteorologist admitting he has "never seen this before," after the explosive lava caused a winter freeze blast.

https://www.express....ng-rain-Kilauea


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#36
Andie

Posted 14 June 2018 - 05:01 PM

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I listened to one scientist today wonder if Kiluea's magma Chamber is actually a plume directly down to the mantle? Think of it. The volcano has been erupting at some level for like 35 yrs. it may never be proven, but it's an interesting question.

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#37
OKwx2k4

Posted 15 June 2018 - 12:52 PM

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I listened to one scientist today wonder if Kiluea's magma Chamber is actually a plume directly down to the mantle? Think of it. The volcano has been erupting at some level for like 35 yrs. it may never be proven, but it's an interesting question.


I half wonder this myself. Either way, quite an event.

#38
Andie

Posted 17 June 2018 - 05:14 PM

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Little change to date. Lava continues to flow into the sea and gas emissions high.

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#39
Andie

Posted 18 June 2018 - 04:59 PM

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Lava flow hits 45 days. Massive lava river.

Hawaii Army National Guard took video.

https://m.youtube.co...time_continue=8

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#40
Andie

Posted 21 June 2018 - 05:42 PM

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The eruption in the lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) continues with little change.

Lava fountains from the Fissure 8 spatter cone continue to feed the established channel that transports lava to the ocean at the Kapoho coastline. One main ocean entry on the south edge of the flow front at the coast is producing a laze plume that is being blown onshore. No overflows from the channel were observed this morning. Fissure 6 was weakly active overnight with at least one short flow active visible in the PGcam. Fissure 16/18 and 22 displayed some incandescence early this morning.

Kīlauea Volcano Summit

Seismicity at the summit increased overnight with 30 to 35 events per hour by daybreak. Several earthquakes were felt in the Volcano area. Inward slumping of the rim and walls of Halemaʻumaʻu continues in response to ongoing subsidence at the summit.

Sulfur dioxide emissions from the volcano's summit have dropped to levels that are about half those measured prior to the onset of the current episode of eruptive activity. This gas and minor amounts of ash are being transported downwind, with small bursts of ash and gas accompanying intermittent explosive activity.

USGS.

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#41
Geos

Posted 22 June 2018 - 02:54 PM

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I've been noticing from the lava flow map the flow entry into the ocean keeps moving south.

https://volcanoes.us...media_maps.html

 

Taking more and more homes with it on its journey.

 

Today marks 7 weeks since lava broke through in Leilani Estates. 


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Finn Hill, elevation: 460 ft
2018 moisture: 27.16", 10/9

Lowest Temp of Autumn 2018: 36°, 10/03

 

2017-2018 winter snowfall total: 9.0", 2016-2017: 14.0"

Weather station/wx cam: http://map.bloomsky....qBxp6apnJSnqqm2
https://www.wundergr...OTHE144#history


#42
Andie

Posted 23 June 2018 - 03:27 PM

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This has been a big one for time and for volume. Fissure 8 has really been pumping out the lava.
The fact that Kapoho Bay is no more is reason enough to put this one in the record books.
But I do wonder what the Caldera has in store. If the magma volume drops below the water table, we could still see some real trouble.

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#43
OKwx2k4

Posted 23 June 2018 - 05:51 PM

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This has been a big one for time and for volume. Fissure 8 has really been pumping out the lava.
The fact that Kapoho Bay is no more is reason enough to put this one in the record books.
But I do wonder what the Caldera has in store. If the magma volume drops below the water table, we could still see some real trouble.


Doesn't show many signs of letting up yet. I still half wonder if there's not a lot more substance to this eruption that they thought. Clearly above average already.

#44
Andie

Posted 24 June 2018 - 10:24 AM

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The eruption in the lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) continues with no significant change during the past 24 hours.

Fountains from Fissure 8 spatter cone continue to supply lava to the open channel with only small, short-lived overflows. During an overflight early this morning, geologists observed incandescence from Fissure 22, but no associated spattering or flow. Lava is entering the sea this morning on the southern side of the entry area primarily through the open channel, but also along a 1-kilometer (0.6 mi) wide area. The entry areas are marked by billowing laze plumes.

USGS HVO

Lava flowing out a part of the Kilauea volcano in Hawaii is creating rapids as it joins a larger river of lava.

A video published by the United States Geological Survey shows lava leaving a vent, traveling at about 15 miles per hour and traveling over "cascades" or "rapids."

The video was taken on Sunday at the 8th of 24 fissures, which is located in the lower east rift zone near Leilani Estates.

Rapids aren't the only jarring result of the eruption, which has lasted longer than a month.

Lava "bergs" as big as vehicles have been reported, according to Hawaii News Now.

https://www.azcentra...pids/724375002/

Attached File  IMG_3244.PNG   208.04KB   0 downloads

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#45
Andie

Posted 24 June 2018 - 11:01 AM

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I'm not sure I understand all the religious comments in the comment section, but there's some interesting observations here. The Hilina Slump has moved about 2' during this eruption.

The Hilina Slump hasn't broken off in 110,000 yrs. So it's anyone's guess when it will. But conditions are worse than the 1924 eruption and many people can't get a straight answer from the USGS.
It's possible, they're just operating a day at a time, by the seat of their pants.

https://m.youtube.co...h?v=BT7fZjoHHVM

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#46
Andie

Posted 27 June 2018 - 06:07 PM

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It's the gift that just keeps on keepin' on.


Kīlauea Volcano Lower East Rift Zone

The eruption in the lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) continues with no significant change during the past 24 hours.

Fountains from Fissure 8 spatter cone continue to supply lava to the open channel with only small, short-lived overflows. Small overflows on both sides of the upslope portion of the channel occurred shortly after midnight, June 27. None of these overflows extended past the existing flow field. The spatter cone is now 180 ft tall at its highest point, and fountains only occasionally rise above that point. Lava is entering the sea this morning on the southern side of the entry area primarily through the open channel, but also along a 1-kilometer (0.6 mi) wide area. The morning overflight revealed that the northern margin of the flow field at the coast is oozing fresh lava at several points in the area of Kapoho Beach Lots.

USGS HVO

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#47
OKwx2k4

Posted 28 June 2018 - 09:22 PM

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So, what are some plausible scenarios for what happens next with it? Seems to be running along on cruise control right now with no clues either way. Could it eventually disturb another nearby magma chamber?
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#48
Andie

Posted 29 June 2018 - 04:18 AM

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I haven't read any disaster scenarios. Who knows what these will do.
It may just keep pumping out lava until the chamber is relieved. It always amazes me when these things come to life and pour out new land.

I'm waiting for someone with real geo-phys expertise to weigh in on the Hilina Slump. It's slipped 2 feet. I'd like to know what they think in terms of how this has weakened the rift and added weight on to the Slump. Quakes add to the activity, so it's probably keeping people busy right now.

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#49
Andie

Posted 30 June 2018 - 11:56 AM

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No dramatic changes to report, but Kiluea is the gift that just keeps giving.

Here is a graph of a week's earthquakes and an image of the rift zone with Fissure 8 still cooking.
Note how active the rift is along the Hilina Slump.

Click here for a gorgeous short night aerial video of the lava flow. Stunning images of living rock.
https://volcanoes.us...iaFile-2337.mp4

Attached File  IMG_3265.PNG   262.01KB   0 downloads

Attached File  IMG_3266.JPG   30.59KB   0 downloads

USGS HVO

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#50
Andie

Posted 01 July 2018 - 10:21 AM

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Nice blog post by Erik Klemetti. Puts the Kiluea into perspective.
While certainly not the biggest or longest eruption, it's quite big for Kiluea and anyone living nearby.
Volcano nerds are enjoying the learning experience as well.

https://t.co/U5I8VEiHbi?ssr=true


Before You Diagnose Yourself With Depression or Low Self-Esteem,...First Make Sure You Are Not In Fact, Just Surrounded By A$$holes.